2015 Heroin Bill Provides Immunity For 911 Overdose Calls

Accidental drug overdose deaths in Kentucky increased in 2014 according to data

just published by the Kentucky Office for Drug Control Policy. Hardest hit

counties appear to be Jefferson, Fayette, and Northern Kentucky, among others.

Floyd County had the highest per capita death rate of 55 per 100,000. Fayette

County saw the largest increase, with a 25% jump over 2013. The overwhelming

majority of cases involved heroin and other opioids.

Opioid overdose deaths are preventable, but medical aid must be administered

quickly. Opioids cause respiratory depression as a side effect. Too much and the

person stops breathing. Without intervention death follows. Naloxone, which all

ambulances—and now many police cars carry, will scrub opioids from opioid

receptors in the brain, and reverse the overdose in an instant. But, the person

overdosing can’t make the call for help themselves—they’re busy dying!

The 2015 Heroin bill authorized “911 Good Samaritan” immunity from

prosecution for those using drugs at the time they call for help for someone


Unfortunately, it’s not uncommon for overdose victims to be left to die without

any medical aid for fear of prosecution. People have been known to drop an

overdosing friend at the outside of a hospital, or down the street, or just not call for

help at all. One Kentucky legislator speaks of a nephew whose girlfriend was

afraid to call 911 for him because she thought he would get in trouble for using

illegal drugs—needless to say, he didn’t make it!


Many critics complain that immunity from prosecution will only encourage more

drug use. Nonsense—unremitted addiction causes more drug use, and you can’t

treat the addiction if the person is dead.

The Legislature seems to wisely perceive addiction as a medical issue much more

than a criminal issue. The recent Heroin bill does provide stiffer penalties for

those dealing drugs. However, it puts in place provision for the reality of addictive

thinking, and attempts to counter the mistakes we’ve made in the past by

criminalizing the disease instead of creating more opportunities for people to

encounter help and support. Ultimately, they have to stay alive for us to treat the

disorder that’s trying to kill them. Please spread the word about 911 Good

Samaritan Immunity for overdoses in Kentucky.

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